The MUST story: TNO, Wageningen Marine Research, Deltares and NIOZ together join forces in a new consortium called MUST. MUST is a collaboration founded in 2014, with a focus on technology, applied oceanographic and marine ecological research and advice. The combination of these four major Dutch marine research institutes guarantees you up to date and state of the art knowledge and research facilities. MUST has a broad international network, making it a suitable knowledge partner for companies and governments.
MUST characteristics• Your one stop shop for advice and research
• Sharing knowledge and networks
• Institutional & independent
• Part of knowledge alliances
• Certification, research and / or facilities
• Door Opener for Dutch industries - national & international
• Distinctive approaches and concepts through 'joint corporation programs'
Earth and oceansThe oceans cover 70% of the surface of the globe and are a major player in the coupled biogeoclimatic system. Mankind, with 60% or so of the world’s population living at or near sea level, is in many respects intrinsically dependent on the oceans. Awareness is currently rising that we are changing the oceans ourselves more and more. This while we need the oceans and coastal seas in terms of sustainable food, transport, energy, and resources.
It is particularly in low countries like The Netherlands that the influence of the sea is most directly experienced, and they are changing: warming, associated sea-level rise and acidification, as well as biodiversity loss due to this and other causes will have a direct impact on the economic development in The Netherlands and other low lying countries. Therefore, we need to further advance our basic knowledge about the seas to better understand system Earth and to support the development of strategies to mitigate the effects of global change. But the oceans also offer new opportunities. The increasing use of the marine environment requires new national and international legislation and governance and this requires a sound scientific knowledge that is often not yet available.
Coastal research has been stimulated worldwide by regional problems of coastal protection, harbor development, pollution, eutrophication, and overfishing. In contrast, research in the open ocean has been limited to a small number of countries because it is expensive and because the open ocean is beyond national jurisdiction and, therefore, outside the interest of most nations. Still, oceanography has gone through a knowledge explosion over the last decades when major discoveries were made based on new technologies such as synoptic ocean observation with satellites, deep-water observation with submersibles and remotely operated vehicles, deep sea-floor drilling, as well as the use of increasingly sophisticated molecular and other analytical methods.